It has been stated that "pride in poverty, a life of prayer and dhikr (remembrance of God) and constant struggle against falsehood, evil and injustice (jihad) is the way of Muhammad". Let's clarify the first part of the statement.
Pride in poverty does not mean that Muslims should reject economic realities and that they should not try to earn a living for themselves and their families. Pride in poverty rather means that they should be prepared to become poor in the way of God and truth and if and when they do become poor they should not be ashamed of their poverty but feel proud of it.
There are two fears that make people divert from the way of God and the way of truth: fear of poverty and fear of death. True believers are those who have overcome these two fears by making a deal with their Lord whereby they have sold to Him their wealth and lives and in return He has committed to reward them with the infinite abundance and everlasting life of the hereafter. Says the Holy Qur'an:"Verily, God has bought from the believers their lives and their wealth in (return for the promise) that for them there will be the jannah..." (9:111)One of the implications of this deal between God and the believers is the attitude mentioned above, i.e. preparedness to face poverty in the way of God and the truth and feeling proud of it when it does.
And poverty almost always does come to those who truly follow the way of God and truth. This is because the way of God and truth almost always conflicts with the established ways of the society and those who follow it are almost always punished by the society, intentionally or unintentionally, in the form of economic and other hardships. it is therefore almost impossible that a man can follow the way of God and truth and yet lead most of his life in prosperity and comfort. God says in His Book:"And most certainly shall We try you by means of danger and hunger and loss of worldly goods, of lives and of (your labor's) fruits. But give glad tidings unto those who are patient in adversity." (2:155)When a person has traded away his wealth and life for jannah (eternal bliss) he gets such courage that he can stand alone against all the forces of falsehood and zulum (injustice) because all that these forces can do to him is to make him poor or put him to death and both of these eventualities he is ready to face.
In the materialistic society in which we live, most of us feel extremely uncomfortable when we are reminded that poverty not riches was the pride of the man to whose Ummah we belong. One brother so disliked this reminder that he tore away the reminder published in a previous issue of "Al-Ummah" (a periodical published in Montreal, Canada) which was entitled "The way of Muhammad" and threw it on the street.
Surely this brother, unless God will have mercy on him, has carved for himself a place in hell-fire for thus rejecting and insulting a part of the way of Muhammad (may God bless him evermore).
First published in Al-Ummah, Montreal, Canada in 1984. Copyright, Dr. Ahmad Shafaat. The article may be reproduced for Da'wah purpose with proper references.