Chapter Four: The Quran and the Jew
A CALL FROM THE YOUNG JEWS: It was soon after the so-called "Six-day-war" of the Jews in 1967 that I found myself on a lecture tour of the Cape Province in South Africa.
The Jewish students of the University of Cape Town must have seen our advertisements about our lecture on Comparative religion; discussing subjects like - "What the BIBLE says about MUHUMMAD (p.b.u.h.)", "MUHAMMED (p.b.u.h.) the Natural Successor to CHRIST (p.b.u.h.)," "WAS CHRIST CRUCIFIED?" etc. They were enthusiastic to contact the organizers of these meetings to invite me to lecture to them in their Rondebosch Hall which they had purchased from a Christian group. Perhaps they were intrigued to know how we felt after the debacle in the desert.
Larry Collins and Dominique Lappierre in their Book "O Jerusalem!" give a true picture of the Arab armies on page 73:"BEN GURION PERSISTED. HE NEVER MADE THE MISTAKE OF UNDER-ESTIMATING HIS FOES. NOTHING COULD MENACE HIS PEOPLE MORE THAT A CONCERTED ATTACK ON THEM BY FIVE ARAB ARMIES. BUT IF BEN GURION DID NOT UNDER-ESTIMATE HIS FOES, HE DID NOT BELIEVE THEIR EXTRAVAGANT BOASTS, TO ACCEPT RHETORIC AS REALITY, TO PREPARE THEMSELVES FOR A TRIAL WITH SPEECHES RATHER THAN SACRIFICE. THEIR THREAT OF WAR PRESENTED TO HIS PEOPLE A TERRIBLE MENACE; BUT IT ALSO PRESENTED THEM A GREAT OPPORTUNITY."
And Michael Bar-Zohar in, his "The Armed Prophet," A Biography of Ben Gurion, puts these words in the mouth of the Israeli Prime Minister:"LET'S BE FRANK - IT WASN'T BECAUSE WE WERE ABLE TO PERFORM MIRACLES THAT WE WON, BUT BECAUSE THE ARAB ARMIES ARE ROTTEN." Page 173.
I condescended to speak to the young Jews, boys and girls, mostly University students. The topic chosen was - 'The Qur'an and the Jew.'
After a very hearty and enthusiastic introduction by the young chairman, I stood up to speak, beginning with the following verse from the Holy Qur'an, spoken in Arabic without giving its corresponding meaning:QAALA RABBISH, REHLEE SUDDREE, WA-YESS SIRLEE AMREE, WAHLUL OOKDATOOM, MILLI SAANI, YUFFQAHOO QAWLEE (Holy Qur'an 20:25-28)
A HYPNOTIC EFFECT: Whilst chanting the above, I perceived expressions of puzzlement on the young faces. They had all expected me to speak to them in English but this was something different. So I said, "Mr. Chairman and my dear children, the words you have just heard from my lips is a prayer of the Holy Prophet Moses. (May the peace and blessings of God be upon him), when the Lord God commanded him (Moses) to go to Pharaoh and ask him to 'Let my People go!' To release The Children of Israel from the Egyptian bondage and slavery. I was not trying to hypnotise you nor mesmerise you with my incantation.
Moses was a fugitive from justice because he had killed an Egyptian (Exodus 2:12). He used to stammer. Now, he is commanded to confront the most powerful and tyrannical monarch of his time. In fear and trepidation he cries to God for help.(MOSES) SAID: "O MY LORDI EXPAND FOR ME MY BREAST; "AND MAKE MY TASK EASY FOR ME; AND REMOVE THE IMPEDIMENT FROM MY SPEECH, "SO THAT THEY MAY UNDERSTAND WHAT I SAY: (Holy Qur'an 20:25-28)
"Expand for me my breast: "Give me courage! Make me bold! The breast is reputed to be the seat of knowledge and affections. The gift of the highest spiritual insight is what he is praying for first. There are also three other things he is asking for:1 . God's help in his task, which at first appears very formidable to him;
2. The gift of eloquence, and the removal of the impediment from his speech; and
3. The counsel and constant attendance with him of his brother Aaron, whom he loved and trusted, for he would otherwise be alone among the Egyptians. (See verse 26 and commentary in Yusuf Ali's translation).
Addressing the young Jews, I said, "I have more need for such a prayer than the Holy Prophet Moses. My 'tongue' is not my impediment. But in communication, language and psychological barriers are real problems."(a) English is not my mother tongue. It is a foreign language to me. 'Gujarati' is my mother tongue; the language of the Bombay Province in India.
(b) Psychologically the speaker and the audience are at cross purposes. The topic is an emotional one and highly charged. In the study of psychology we learn that we can make a person to STOP! LOOK! AND LISTEN! But we cannot make them accept our MESSAGE or UNDERSTAND OUR MEANING!
JEWISH PROPHETS ARE MUSLIM PROPHETS: As a young man, I did not know that Moses was a prophet of he Jews. To me as well as to almost every Muslim child, Moses was our prophet. If I was asked, in the vernacular as to who Hazrat Moosa Alai-hiss-salaam was, I would have answered - "He is my Prophet!" And who is Hazrat Dawood Alai-hiss-salaam, my answer would be the same "He is my Prophet! And who is Hazrat Sulaiman Alai-hiss-salaam, I would repeat -"He is my Prophet"
In our language, MOOSA is Moses, DAWOOD is David, SULAIMAN is Solomon, ISHAAQ is Isaac, YACOOB is Jacob and so on. When using the foregoing names in the context of being the prophets of God, the Muslims will never utter these holy names without the prefix Hazrat, meaning respected, revered; or without adding to the names "Alaihiss-salaam", meaning peace be upon him. If a Muslim learned man such as a Sheikh or Imam takes the name or names of any of these holy personages without adding the phrases of love. respect and reverence, this Sheikh or Imam would be dismissed from his post as a raw and uncouth barbarian.
MUSLIMS CLOSEST TO JEWS: We give our children Jewish names. Never thinking in racial terms. My eldest son's name is Ebrahim, same as Abraham. My youngest son is called Yousuf, same as joseph. My brother-in-law is Moosa, same as Moshe or Moses. We are not thinking of these names as 'Jewish', but rather as the names of the righteous servants of God - metaphorically spoken of as the 'Sons of God,' according to Biblical terminology.
In his theology, his ancestry and in cultural values, the Muslim is the closest to the Jew. The Jew believes that God Almighty is absolutely unique! God is not seen at anytime! No man can see God and live! And the Muslim agrees wholeheartedly with the Jew; saying "We believe as YOU believe."
The Jew says: "Do not eat the flesh of the swine. The Muslim say , "We will not eat it."
The Jew says: "Don't eat blood!" The Muslim agrees with that and will not touch it either.
The Jew says: "Circumcision!" The Muslim says, "We are all circumcised."
What more do you want? In short, the Muslim says that Islam is the religion of Moses made universal and brought to perfection by Muhammed (may the peace of God be upon them).
The irony is that, though the Muslim honours, respects and reveres all the Jewish prophets as his own prophets, the Jews will not accept one of ours. We accept all the Biblical Jewish heroes as our own heroes. With their modern heroes, the Begins, Shamirs, and Sharons and Dayans we are at war. They are the ones who have usurped Palestine - our land.
CLOSE AS COUSINS: Robert Donovan on page 17 of his book 'Israel's Fight for Survival,' has the following to say:
In a Report of the Institute for the Middle East, published in 1959, it was noted that there was a time when there was "NO SUCH THING AS AN ARAB-JEWISH PROBLEM, WHEN RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE TWO PEOPLES WERE AS NORMAL AS THOSE BETWEEN COUSINS."
And as it may sound, Prof. Goitein, the Chairman of the school of Oriental Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, on page 21 of his book 'Jews and Arabs,' repeats the above sentiment almost word for word:"THERE IS MUCH MORE TO THE POPULAR BELIEF THAT JEWS AND ARABS ARE CLOSE RELATIVES, 'COUSINS,' BECAUSE THEY WERE DESCENDED FROM THE BROTHERS ISAAC AND ISHMAEL, THE SONS OF ABRAHAM."
I was pleading with the Jewish students of the University of Cape Town, in their Rondebosch stronghold, flushed with pride soon after the 1967 war. Why has such close blood relationship between Arab and Jew, unfortunately, now turned to gruesome, bitter and bloody enmity!
GUN NOT THE ANSWER: Is the gun (military force) to be the only arbitrator blood-cousins?
Hearken to the sane advice of that great Jew, Jesus (p.b.u.h.) the son of Mary, the 'Prince of Peace,' wrongly worshipped as God incarnate by over 1 billion of his followers today. Reproaching his band of sword-wielding disciples, he said:Put down your sword, for all they that take up the sword, will perish by the sword. Holy Bible (Matthew 26:52)
Remember Hitler and his goose-stepping minions, remember Mussolini and his Facist hordes, and Mikado's japan of "Pearl Harbour" fame? You've heard of them all! Where are they now? Vanished into oblivion! And have you Jews forgotten your own history? The bondages, the dispersions, the gas chambers? History has an uncanny habit of repeating itself!
Don't be deceived by your Pyrrhic victories. You knocked out my brothers in 1948, and again in 1956 and yet again in 1967 which you called the 'Six day War' and the 1982 - 'The Final Solution' in the Lebanon, and now the "Intifadah."' Small beginnings, perhaps, but grave enough to take note of.
ONLY ONE VICTORY NEEDED!: In 1967, addressing my elite Jewish cousins and nephews, I said: ''You have knocked out my brethren thrice already. You can knock them out THIRTY times, but you won't solve your Jewish problem."
My Arab brothers can afford to lose a hundred battles. There are over a hundred million around you. They can afford to keep on coming back again and again. You Jews cannot afford to lose a single battle. That, only one defeat will be the end of you, your 'Final Call' your 'End of Time'. Why wait for that?
"WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO US" asks David BenGurion, on page 173 in 'The Armed Prophet,' by Michael Bar-Zohar, "IF AN ARAB MUSTAPHA KEMAL MAKES AN APPEARANCE ONE OF THESE DAYS?"
The fallacy of 5 Arab Armies poised menacingly on the borders of a nation unused to arms for two thousand years is exploded by a Jewish historian:'THIS ELEMENTARY CONCESSION (TO RECRUIT A JEWISH ARMY) WAS NOT GRANTED' (by the British mandatory power in Palestine) 'FOR FEAR OF AROUSING ARAB RESENTMENT, NEVERTHELESS, JEWS FOUGHT IN EXCEPTIONALLY GREAT NUMBERS IN THE ALLIED RANKS.
"IT WAS THE ONLY WAR IN MODERN HISTORY IN WHICH JEWS WERE TO BE FOUND ONLY ON ONE SIDE, THE TOTAL NUMBER OF THOSE UNDER ARMS RISING ULTIMATELY TO WELL OVER 1 000 000," (One Million!) ('History of the Jews,' by Cecil Roth page 406)
In their so-called 'War of Independence,' the Jews had outstripped their Arab cousins in manpower, money and munition. We were really 'set up'.' We were caught napping! The Jew had unlimited resources of veteran Jewish soldiers from the Allied armies in which they had played an active part. Jews from the Armies of the U.S.A. and Canada from South Africa and Australia, from the British and "Fred" French, and the "Free" Poles and the rest.
ARAB PETRO-DOLLARS?: Unlimited Money? What Money? Yes! the Arab petrodollars! Another big bluff! The total oil revenue of Saudi Arabia the biggest producer of oil in the Middle East was 14 million a year in 1948. Their oil was sucked away at the extortionate price of 8 cents a barrel! Compare this money with what Mrs Golda Meyerson, who later changed her name to Golda Meir, collected from the American Jewry in one month.
After the Declaration of Independence of Israel on May 14th, 1948, the then Prime Minister of Israel - David Ben Gurion, proposed to go to the USA to collect funds. Golda persuaded Ben Gurion that he was more needed at home and she believed that as a lady appearing in distress would do a better job eliciting financial help from the Americans. She returned within one month with 51 million dollars. This amount sounds like a mere pittance today, but this was more than three years, oil revenue of Saudi Arabia the largest producer of oil in the Middle East. The poor Arabs were out-moneyed, out-manned and out-gunned in 1948.
1956 - THE NEXT SHOWDOWN: True to American film tradition, the 'Three Musketeers!' - Britain, France and Israel, in a well co-ordinated collusion launched their "OPERATION MUSKETEER" and within a few days (Oct/Nov) 1956 our Jewish cousins knocked out Egypt the largest and the most powerful of the Arab States.
Moshe Dayan, the Commander-in-Chief of the Israeli Army who planned and executed 'The Sinai Campaign of 1956', tells it all in his biography by Shabtai Teveth, about his masterplan. On page 267 Dayan discloses a map of the planned Israeli advances, and was so tickled by his achievement, that he boasts that if it became necessary to have another go at the Arabs, he would point by point repeat the manoeuvres. And true to his promise he cut the Egyptian Army to shreds in 1967 - textbook style.
Dayan knew too well that no Arab would ever read his biography or any other book about the Jews by the Jews, to learn what their Semitic cousins were planning for them.
MUSLIMS WILL NOT LEARN: In the very first word of the Quranic Revelation, God Almighty commanded the Prophet ( Peace be upon him) and through him commanded his followers 'Read!' To which the Muslim world in practice says 'We will not read!'
Will we ever benefit from the open secrets revealed by the Jews in their own literature? It does not look as if we are ready to learn.
What is the reason that we are discomfitured by the Jews time after time? The answer is simply superior planning and weaponry. In short, technology! 'And technology is not a closed shop...' I told the Jewish boys and girls at the Rondebosch meeting, after the 'Six Day War' in 1967.
Seven years later Martin Zucker reporting from Tel Aviv repeated my words almost word for word -THE AVERAGE ARAB SOLDIER, ACCORDING TO THE ISRAELIS, CONTINUES TO BE AN INDIVIDUAL COMING FROM A PEASANT BACKGROUND WITH ABOUT SIX YEARS OF SCHOOLING ... THE AVERAGE ISRAELI SOLDIER-CONSCRIPT, IN COMPARISON, HAS EIGHT TO 12 YEARS OF SCHOOLING, PART OF IT TECHNICAL.
....THE ISRAELIS RATE THEIR ENEMIES (the Arabs) AS BETTER PHYSICAL SPECIMENS THAN THEMSELVES. 'The Daily News' May 29, 1974.
I persuaded the students that 'the gun' was not the answer to the Jewish/Arab conflict. One day the Arabs may also have as many and better guns than the Jews. One day mighty America, Israel's chief patron, financier, supporter, protector and instigator, will let you down in the same way they did to the Vietnamese. One should know that loyalties of the Big Powers are never permanent. They are fickle towards other states as well as towards their own leaders. When the crunch comes, the same populace would be prepared to burn and hang their leaders of yesterday. (For example see picture 'SAVE FUEL - BURN NIXON') Don't wait for such an eventuality. Come to terms with your Arab cousins now!
Rivalry between brothers has played an obsessive role for too long in your history. The Jewish 'Bible' abounds with such conflicts. Beginning with the first Book of the Bible: GENESIS - Cain and Abel, Isaac and Ishmael, Jacob and Esau, Solomon and Adonijah and now, Arabs and Israel.
DIFFERENCE OF LABELS: What is the great divide between the Muslims and the Jews? I asked the Jewish University students. It is not race, it is not culture, it is not religion (as far as the fundamentals of faith are concerned). It is simply a question of label! The Israeli says that he is a 'Jew' (religiously, a believer in judaism) and the Arab says, he is a 'Muslim' (a believer in the religion of Islam).
By God! The solution to the Zionist-Arab conflict is simply a change of label! You (the Jew) have created a 'high-fever' in the body politics of the Arab world. You have acted as a catalyst. Without you, the Arab world might have slumbered along for another millennium. Listen to this erudite Jewish historian -'TODAY, THE ARAB WORLD IS ARISING FROM ITS SLUMBER.' (Thanks to you) 'IF THE ARABS CAN USE THE JEWS TO HOIST THEMSELVES OUT OF THE ABYSS INTO WHICH HISTORY HURLED THEM THEY CAN BE BLAMED NO MORE THAN OTHER NATIONS WHICH ARE PLAYING SIMILAR POWER POLITICS. IT IS UP TO JEWISH LEADERS, IN THEIR OWN NATIONAL SELF-INTEREST, TO CONVINCE ARAB LEADERS THAT THE ARAB WORLD CAN ACHIEVE ITS LEGITIMATE AIMS WITH THE FRIENDSHIP OF THE JEWS, AS IN DAYS PAST.
'ASTUTE STATEMANSHIP CAN RELAX THE PRESENT ISRAELI-ARAB TENSIONS, BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT CAUSED BY DEEP-ROOTED RACIAL AND RELIGIOUS ANTAGONISMS BUT BY TEMPORARY POLITICAL EXPEDIENCIES.
"HISTORY HAS SHOWN THAT JEW AND ARAB CAN LIVE TOGETHER WITHOUT STRIFE AND WITH MUTUAL PROFIT." (Max I.Dimont in 'Jews, God and History,' page 20S.)
ONE RELIGION: With such deep racial and religious affinity, it is a shame that the Semitic brothers -Arabs and Jews - are so terribly estranged. Islam alone can bridge the gulf, and bring peace and prosperity to a torrid area. Strangely enough, Salaam in Arabic and Shalom in Hebrew both mean the same thing - p-e-a-c-e! for which everyone is crying. Between Islam and Judaism there are no insurmountable barriers. Islam is Judaism made universal!
Let us hear what the Chairman of the School of Oriental Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem has to say on this point."IN A RECENT FRENCH-ALGERIAN PUBLICATION, ISLAM HAS BEEN CHARACTERIZED AS JUDAISM WITH UNIVERSALISTIC TENDENCIES. THERE IS SOME TRUTH IN THIS DEFINITION." (Prof. S.D. Goitein in his book - 'Jews and Arabs,' page 35.)
The Arab world needs the Jews as much as the Jews need the Arabs. Israel is a new heart in the body of the Arab world. But the body does not recognize the heart, because the cellular construction of the heart is different from the cellular construction of the body. That of the HEART is Jew/Jew/Jew and that of the BODY - Muslim/Muslim/Muslim.
The transplanting of the heart (Israel) has been rejected by the Arab body! A great Jewish or Arab Barnard is required to find a medicine to stop this rejection!
Our own Chris Barnard (in the South African context who performed a number of successful heart transplants in Cape Town) had to contend with the biggest of his problems in his pioneering surgery - that of reason. The body does not know that without the new heart, it itself will die. So the body has to be constantly drugged (wars and strife) over a great period of time to accept the foreign heart. The cellular construction of the heart is in conflict with the cellular construction of the body. Jew/jew/jew vs Muslim/Muslim/Muslim. Change the label and the problem is solved. Insha-Allah - if God willing!
QURANIC COURTESIES FOR JEWS: Listen to God Almighty: how He pleads with Jews in His Last and Final Revelation to mankind:O CHILDREN OF ISRAEL! CALL TO MIND THE (SPECIAL) FAVOUR WHICH I BESTOWED UPON YOU, AND FULFIL YOUR COVENANT WITH ME AS I FULFIL MY COVENANT WITH YOU, AND FEAR NONE BUT ME. (Holy Qur'an 2:40)
This explains the thousand years of good relationship which existed between the Muslims and the Jews. How respectfully you are being addressed! Not as
These are the outpourings of your own Jewish Prophets, in your own Holy Scriptures. Not of ANTI-SEMITES! What a contrast we find in the Holy Book of Islam. It addresses you as you would love to be addressed. "O CHILDREN OF ISRAEL!" (as above) And again in the verses that follow -
- 'YOU JEWS; YOU VAGABONDS; YOU REBELLIOUS PEOPLE! (Deut. 9:7)
- 'YOU STIFF-NECKED PEOPLE! (Exodus 33:5)
- YOU WICKED AND ADULTEROUS GENERATION! (Matthew 16:4 )
- YOU BROOD OF SNAKES!' (Luke 3:7)O CHILDREN OF ISRAEL! CALL TO MIND THE (SPECIAL) FAVOUR WHICH I BESTOWED UPON YOU, AND THAT I PREFERRED YOU TO ALL OTHERS (FOR MY MESSAGE). (Holy Qur'an 2:47)
The appeal here as well as in other verses is made to the Jews subjectively, in terms of their own tradition. You Jews claim to be a favoured nation: have you forgotten God's favours on you? You claim a special Covenant with God: He has fulfilled His part of the Covenant by bringing you out of the land of bondage a second time. How have you fulfilled your part of the bargain?
CHANGE THE LABEL!: You - "Chosen People," received revelations before: now comes one (the Holy Qur'an) confirming it; its first appeal should be to you: you had been prepared to received it: are you now going to be the first to reject it? And reject it for what? (This is how the Holy Qur'an reasons with the Jews and the Christians. In fact one-third of this Holy Book is addressed to them. You owe it to yourself to own the Book. Even if you want to fight the Muslims better.)
In a nutshell embrace Islam (Shalom) peace! Change the label from Jew/Jew/Jew to Muslim/Muslim/Muslim! Revert to the original role for which God Almighty had chosen you.Behold, you are a peculiar treasure unto me, and you are a Kingdom of priests to mankind. Holy Bible (Exodus 19:5)
At question time at the end of my lecture - 'The Quran and the Jew,' one of my nephews (the Jewish student from the University of Cape Town) retorted: "Why don't you change your label?"
Meaning why don't Muslims become Jews instead of the Jews becoming Muslims? I like this militant approach. For this very reason, I love to address University students. They are full of life. They are not as closed to new ideas as are their fathers outside.
I responded, 'I am not averse to change: but if I agree to change my label, i.e. become a Jew, you (the Jews) will put hurdles in my way. In the first place you do not want the Gentiles to be converted to Judaism. You have made your religion a racial religion. You have to be born a Jew to be a Jew. In any event, like the young Afrikaner who fell in love with a Jewish girl who was extra-particular about her faith and wanted this Christian whiteman to become a Jew before marriage. After overcoming every hurdle that was put in his way, he cries at the end - 'at the tender age of 23, I was painfully circumcised!' However, he remained a third grade Jew!
WHY JEWS SHOULD CHANGE: We Muslims would have no such problems about circumcision as the Christians or other non-Jews because we are all already circumcised: and we are 'more Jewish than the Jews' in many ways according to my former employer Mr. Beare, a Jew.
But for the sake of argument, let me say that I change my label from Muslim to Jew. "What have you achieved?" I asked my Jewish young audience. "How many of you (Jews) are there in the world today?" Somebody shouted: "Twelve million!" This was in 1967. (Today the Jews are boasting a figure of 15 million.)
So I said, with me by changing my "label," we become 12 million and one. But by you changing your label we become 700 million and one. (It is estimated that the Muslims number a 1.2 billion today). I asked, "Can't you see the difference?"
"Only a fool would refuse to change his label," I proceeded, 'You are a business people. You should understand this better than any other people. As a businessman, let's say you have a product for which you have a market of 12 million. Simply by changing the label you can increase your market to 700 million more buyers. You would be foolish indeed, if you stubbornly refuse to change the label, specially when there is no copyright on the label "Muslim!"'
But, lastly, there is also a real problem. Religiously, Islam is a wider circle that could embrace the whole of humanity than Judaism. A larger circle can incorporate a smaller one, not vice a versa.
WHO MUST DO THE JOB!: At the end of the aforesaid meeting, another Jewish lad asked, "Who will do this job?" (Of spreading this message of "changing labels") I said, "You the Jews!" I said, "You get off our chests, the heavy burden of wrong and sin you have accumulated and apologise for the wrong you have done to my people. Tell the Palestinian people that you have done them a grievous wrong. Tell them, "Brothers, please forgive us. Where else can we go?" And BY GOD! these people will forgive you. They are simple and extremely good-hearted. Do not take unfair advantage of them.
Dr. E. Lottem, the Israeli Counsel with whom I debated on the title of this book 'ARABS and ISRAEL - Conflict or Conciliation?' had evinced a desire for Jews and Arabs to come to an equitable settlement that would usher in their second 'Golden Age.' The first was in Muslim Spain when the Jews reached the zenith of their glory.'THE JEWISH HISTORIANS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, AS IN THE CASE OF GRAETZ (THE AUTHOR OF A CLASSIC TEN-VOLUME HISTORY OF THE JEWS), WHO WERE DEEPLY EMBITTERED BY THE CONTRAST BETWEEN ENLIGHTENED IDEAS OF THAT CENTURY AND THE DENIAL OF CIVIC RIGHTS TO THE JEWS IN MANY EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, POINTED OUT MOST EMPHATICALLY THAT THE LEGAL AND ACTUAL POSITION OF THE JEWS DURING THE MIDDLE AGES WAS MUCH BETTER IN MUSLIM-ARAB COUNTRIES THAN IN CHRISTIAN EUROPE; AND THE 'GOLDEN AGE' OF JUDAISM IN MUSLIM SPAIN HAS BECOME A PHRASE WHICH HAS FOUND ITS WHY EVEN TO THE MOST POPULAR ACCOUNTS OF JEWISH HISTORY. (S.D. Goitein in his 'Jews and Arabs,' page 7.)
The young Jew, above, who had asked the question - 'Who will do the job?' completed the lively dialogue with the remarks: 'I have just returned from Israel after the Six-Day War to complete my studies, and I assure you that when I return home (meaning Israel) I will deliver your message.'